In 1893, an American backed coup d’état overthrew the royal government of Hawai'i, setting the stage for the archipelago’s annexation by the United States five years later. On 7th July 1898, President McKinley signed the Newlands Resolution annexing the islands and creating a new US territory in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. This example of naked imperial aggression set the stage for the economic and political transformation of Hawai’i. The American naval presence was greatly expanded as too was the plantation-based economy. However, Americanization was also felt in the cultural sphere, through the transformation of the education system. How did American rule change the Hawaiian education system? What were the objectives of this transformation? And how did this affect the people of the islands?
Dr. Michelle Morgan
Michelle Morgan is an associate professor and coordinator of the BSED-history program at Missouri State University. She completed her PhD in American History with a minor in Educational Policy Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her teaching and research focus on the history of American education, the American West, and American empire. Her work explores the roles schools have played in competing definitions of “American” in newly acquired territories, emphasizing the participation of teachers as cultural agents and the ways in which gender and identity shape teachers’ roles in classrooms and communities.